Luciferase is the general term given to a class of oxidative enzymes that catalyze reactions that give off light, a process known as bio-luminescence (Fig. 1). In biology, researchers can take advantage of this reaction and use it as a readout for various biological processes. This has perhaps been exploited most in luciferase reporter cell lines where a promoter region from a gene of interest is placed immediately upstream of the coding sequence for luciferase. In this system, transcriptional activation of the gene of interest leads to a level of luciferase expression that is proportional to the level of gene activation.
The detection of molecular events in living cells is booming. In this post, we look at 3 fluorescent probes that will undoubtedly count in the live-cell imaging landscape in 2017.
Ppc-1 is a novel small molecule derived from cellular slime mould. In this post, I’d like to introduce the characteristics of this compound for your in vitro mitochondrial research.
With more than 170,000 publications in 2016, inflammation remains a “hot” topic in today’s Life Science research (source: Google Scholar). Interestingly, ELISA kits are still one of the most popular tools for the accurate quantification of human cytokines involved in this biological process. Here, we review the 5 protein targets most studied by our clients, together with their favourite ELISA kits by RayBiotech in the field of inflammation.
Today, I’d like to give you an overview about methods in actin research with validated R&D products and kits which will allow you to measure binding to actin and effects on the polymerisation dynamics of actin.
Actin functions as one of the major cytoskeleton structures. It is involved in a plethora of processes in cell biology: stabilizing the cell shape, cell movements (e.g. cell migration) and intracellular movements and transport mechanisms.
Actin is a 43 kDa protein that is very highly conserved between species. Actin has three main isotypes (α-actin, β-actin and γ-actin), which show >90% amino-acid (aa) homology between isotypes and >98% homology within members of a particular isotypic group. [Read more…]
The term Autophagy was introduced by Christian de Duve during the Ciba Foundation Symposium on Lysosomes – which was held in London in February 1963. In 1974 he was honoured with the Nobel price in Physiology or Medicine for his pioneering research about peroxisomes and lysosomes. In 2016, once more, a pioneer in the field of autophagy research won the Nobel price: Yoshinori Ohsumi, a Japanese researcher, whose findings “led to a new paradigm in our understanding of how the cell recycles its content”.
Autophagy (Autophagocytosis) describes the fundamental catabolic mechanism during which cells degrade dysfunctional and unnecessary cellular components. This process is driven by the action of lysosomes and promotes survival during starvation periods as the cellular energy level can thus be maintained. [Read more…]
StemBeads® FGF2 is a revolutionary growth factor supplement that offers a more efficient way to grow FGF2 dependent stem cell cultures.
This supplement delivers a steady release of growth factor into your media of choice creating a more stable environment allowing for:
- Reduction of media changes by 67%
- Better culture quality through reduction of spontaneous differentiation
- No change of culture conditions – use your favourite media
I hear you thinking “Well, that’s just more marketing promises… “. Well, it isn’t, it’s real life!
Just read on and see some of the feedback from researchers… [Read more…]
Protein arrays enable the analysis of the biological function / activity of dozens to hundreds of proteins in one experiment (e.g. auto-antibody detection, protein-protein interactions, small molecule screening…). In this post, let’s review the recent Raybiotech Protein Arrays focusing on Immunology.